Best Shampoos for Scalp Conditions
There are many types of scalp conditions that people can experience and many can be addressed with over-the-counter shampoos formulated with specific ingredients. There are multiple options, but not every shampoo will work equally well for everyone. Individuals may need to try more than one shampoo to find what works best for them. If over-the-counter shampoos are ineffective, see a dermatologist.
Flakes that fall from the scalp are typically called dandruff and are caused by a build-up of dead skin cells that makes the scalp itch. Dandruff can also be caused by a fungal infection. Choose a shampoo that has one or more ingredients that includes coal tar, zinc pyrithione, salicylic acid, selenium or ketoconazole.
It’s also known as cradle cap when it appears on infants and small children. A painless inflammatory condition, it’s characterized by yellowish colored, greasy scales and is common with people that have oily skin, hair and acne. Choose a shampoo formulated with ketoconazole.
People may see silvery, scaly skin patches on the scalp. The condition can cause skin cells to multiply at 10 times the normal rate, creating bumpy red patches with white scales. An inflammatory condition, shampoos that contain coal tar are recommended.
This is a fungal infection with itchy, flaky patches on the scalp. It affects the scalp and the hair shaft, producing symptoms of hair loss and brittle hair. The infection can also result in swollen lymph nodes and fever. It’s a form of ringworm. Select a shampoo containing ketoconazole, selenium sulfide or salicylic acid.
When hair follicles become inflamed, it’s called folliculitis and can usually be traced back to a fungal or bacterial infection. It can appear as small pimples with a white head or small red bumps around the hair follicle. The condition can be itchy, cause scarring, and result in permanent hair loss. If left untreated, the infection can expand into crusty sores that don’t want to heal. A shampoo with ketoconazole can be helpful, along with shampoos formulated with tea tree oil.
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